Welcome to Nano@Wayne, a website that provides information on various nanoscience and nanotechnology initiatives at Wayne State University. Our faculty researchers come from diverse fields such as Biology, Chemistry, Engineering, Medicine, Pharmaceutical Science, and Physics. Many collaborate in the areas of NanoDevices, NanoMaterials, and NanoBioMedicine, where WSU strives to make noteworthy contributions to new knowledge and technology. Please follow the links to our faculty and their departments. You can also view our faculty interests and publications, as well as our instrumentation and facilities.
We have initiated a seminar series comprised of outstanding speakers from around the country as well as from our own faculty, and welcome your participation. The seminars are available for viewing on-line, as well as real time so you can participate in the Q&A sessions.
WSU nanoscience faculty meet regularly to discuss interests and collaborations. If you would like more information or want to join the group, please send a note to Freda Giblin at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Associate Vice President for Research
- Nano@Wayne with Vijayamohanan Pillai, Central Electrochemical Research Institute
- November 25 2014 at 2:30 PMWelcome Center AuditoriumThe Office of the Vice President for Research is pleased to host the next Nano@Wayne Seminar on Tuesday, November 25, 2014 at 2:30 p.m. at Wayne State University's Welcome Center Auditorium. The guest presenter will be Dr. Vijayamohanan Pillai, Central Electrochemical Research Institute. Dr. Pillai will present, "Electrochemical Preparation of Graphene Quantum Dots and Graphene Nanoribbons from Carbon Nanotubes." A reception will immediately follow in the Welcome Center Lobby. The seminar is free; registration is requested. Abtract: Graphene Quantum dots are important for many applications especially for energy storage and harvesting due to their tunable solubility, bio-compatibility, unique optical and electronic properties. For instance, GQDs have been studied theoretically and experimentally for their size-dependent light emission and calculations using nitrogen doping suggest that nitrogen atoms located at their edge and near the edge promote the electrocatalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction, enabling even replacement of noble metals like platinum for fuel cell applications. I will describe the mechanistic aspects of the transformation of carbon nanotubes to graphen nano ribbons(GNRs) and GQDs using spectro-electrochemical data collected by in situ experiments to unravel some of their unique size dependent features. Spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS), UV-visible spectroscopy, and Photoluminescence measurements would be used in conjunction with electrochemical techniques to demonstrate their unique electronic structure for average GQDs from high resolution transmission electron microscopy and Atomic force microscopy as 3 ± 0.3 nm. Multifunctional properties such as electrocatalytic properties, Photoluminescence, Electroluminescence and unique single electron transfer behavior of these individual graphene quantum dots and graphene nanoribbons would be discussed with a view to facilitate their application potential in the fabrication of futuristic nano-electronic devices. Bio: Dr. Vijayamohanan K Pillai received his Ph.D. from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore before joining the faculty of the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune. He has authored over 220 publications and 20 patents in many areas of electrochemistry and materials chemistry. His research interests include Materials Electrochemistry, functionalization of carbon nanotubes and hybrid materials for fuel cells, supercapacitors and rechargeable batteries. He has received several awards and fellowships like MRSI Medal, Materials Research Society of India, Bangalore, 1996, Chemical Research Society of India,(CRSI) Bronze Medal, in 2004, Fellow, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, 2008. He is also in the editorial board of several international and national journals like Journal of Nanoenergy and Power Research, Bulletin of Materials Sciences, and Journal of Chemical Sciences. He is now working as the director of Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CSIR-CECRI), Karaikudi since 2012.
- PAD Seminar - Qualities of a Good Interdisciplinary/Team Science Leader
- December 4 2014 at 1:00 PM5057 WoodwardThe offices of the Vice President for Research, Provost, and Faculty Affairs (School of Medicine) are pleased to offer the Professional and Academic Development seminar series for WSU faculty, chairs & directors, postdoctoral trainees & graduate students, and administrators. Seminars are free, but registration is required. This seminar, Developing a Budget for Your Grant Proposals, will take place Thursday, December 4, 2014, 1-2:30 p.m. at 5057 Woodward, 6th Floor, Conference Room A. The moderator will be Julie Thompson Klein, Professor of Humanities, English Department and Faculty Fellow for Interdisciplinary Development, Division of Research. Topics will include: Common problems facing interdisciplinary and team science leaders Advice to new leaders Stories from leaders who have encountered difficulties And more! Although PAD seminars will no longer be recorded due to low viewing activity, please see past seminar videos and handouts on the PAD website. If you have questions about this seminar series, please contact email@example.com. We hope to see you at this informative PAD session!
- Nano@Wayne Seminar with Mark Verbrugge, General Motors
- December 9 2014 at 2:30 PMWelcome Center AuditoriumThe Office of the Vice President for Research is pleased to host the next Nano@Wayne Seminar on Tuesday, December 9, 2014 at 2:30 p.m. at Wayne State University's Welcome Center Auditorium. The guest presenter will be Mark Verburgge from General Motors Research and Development. He will present,"Global Trends in Vehicle Electrification and Baterry Materials."A reception will immediately follow in the Welcome Center Lobby. The seminar is free; registration is requested. Bio: Mark Verbrugge is the director of GM’s Chemical and Materials Systems Laboratory, which maintains global research programs—enabled by the disciplines of chemistry, physics, and materials science—and targets the advanced development of structural subsystems, energy storage and conversion devices, and various technologies associated with fuels, lubricants, and emissions. He is a board member of the United States Automotive Materials Partnership LLC and the United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC. He has received a number of GM internal awards as well as external awards including the Norman Hackerman Young Author Award and the Energy Technology Award from the Electrochemical Society, and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the United States Council for Automotive Research. He is a fellow of the Electrochemical Society and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Abstract: Vehicle electrification is a primary theme in personal transportation. The degree of increased electrification ranges from 12 V start-stop systems to pure battery electric vehicles. In this talk, we highlight the drivers for these trends and current vehicle products. We shall discuss recent technical work associated with the estimation of lithium ion cell life, commensurate with high-energy batteries. Of particular note is the emergence of core-shell structures, which allow electrode designers to (a) place high capacity materials within the core of active particles, and (b) select protective shell materials, usually on the order of nanometers in thickness, to stabilize such systems. This arrangement leads to a central question: under what conditions are the protective (outer shell) materials compromised? In our attempts to answer this question, we develop approaches to understand how thermodynamics, lithium diffusion, side reactions including lithium consumption and solvent reduction, and particle fracture influence cell life.
- PAD Seminar - How to Write Your Personal Statement
- January 15 2015 at 1:00 PM5057 WoodwardThe offices of the Vice President for Research, Provost, and Faculty Affairs (School of Medicine) are pleased to offer the Professional and Academic Development seminar series for WSU faculty, chairs & directors, postdoctoral trainees & graduate students, and administrators. Seminars are free, but registration is required. This seminar, How to Write Your Personal Statement, will take place Thursday, January 15, 2015, 1-2:30 p.m. at 5057 Woodward, 6th Floor, Conference Room A. The moderator will be Margaret Winters, Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs. Although PAD seminars will no longer be recorded due to low viewing activity, please see past seminar videos and handouts on the PAD website. If you have questions about this seminar series, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. We hope to see you at this informative PAD session!
- Nano@Wayne with Dr. Eray Aydil
- January 20 2015 at 2:30 PMWelcome CenterThe Office of the Vice President for Research is pleased to host the next Nano@Wayne Seminar on Tuesday, January 20, 2015 at 2:30 p.m. at the Wayne State University Welcome Center Auditorium, 42 W. Warren, Detroit, MI 48201. The guest presenter will be Dr. Eray Aydil presenting, "Making Thin film Solar Cells based on the Earth Abundant Solar Absorber Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 from Colloidal Nanocrystal Dispersions." Professor Eray S. Aydil is the Ronald L. and Janet A. Christenson Chair in Renewable Energy in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at the University of Minnesota. His research interests range from plasma science and technology and thin films to nanomaterials and photovoltaics. He has published over 170 articles and holds 7 patents. The seminar is free; registration is requested. A reception will follow in the Welcome Center Lobby from 3:30-4:00 p.m. Abstract: The global installed capacity to generate electricity using solar cells has doubled every 2.5 years since 1975, an exponential growth similar to the famous Moore’s “law” which states that the number of transistors on a computer chip doubles every 2 years. Whether the solar cell industry can maintain this Moore-like growth is an open question. One of the threats to maintaining this aggressive growth is the low abundance of some of the elements (e.g., indium and tellurium) that comprise the current thin film solar cells based on copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) and cadmium telluride (CdTe). Copper zinc tin sulfide (Cu2ZnSnS4 or CZTS), copper zinc tin selenide (Cu2ZnSnSe4 or CZTSe) and their alloys (Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 or CZTSSe) are emerging as promising potential solar absorber materials for thin-film solar cells. These materials are comprised of earth abundant elements and can elevate the solar electricity production to terawatt levels without the concerns associated with the toxicity and low abundance of the elements in the current commercial thin-film solar cells. A potentially high-throughput and low-cost approach to making thin polycrystalline CZTSSe films is through annealing of coatings cast from colloidal dispersions (inks) of CZTS nanocrystals (NCs) in sulfur or selenium vapor. In this way, the NC coatings are transformed into polycrystalline films with micrometer size grains, a suitable morphology for making solar cells. The transformation of the nanocrystal coating to a polycrystalline coating is driven by the high surface area of the NCs and, consequently, the high total surface energy of the NC coating. This approach is well suited for high throughput low-cost roll-to-roll manufacturing. However, many scientific and technical challenges remain. My group and collaborators are engaged in establishing the fundamental scientific and engineering principles towards this end. In this talk I will describe our vision, achievements to date and remaining challenges.
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